Answer: Speech-language pathologists are healthcare professionals who evaluate, diagnose, and treat disorders related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, and fluency.
Speech-language pathologists work with people who cannot produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly; those with speech rhythm and fluency problems, such as stuttering; those with problems understanding and producing language; and those with cognitive communication impairments, such as attention, memory, and problem-solving disorders.
What are some signs that can help me know my child is in need of speech therapy?
Answer: Child may have difficulty with:
producing sounds, words and/or phrases
responding to sounds
establishing eye contact
responding to his/her name
understanding or expressing him/herself
What is the difference between a speech disorder and a language disorder?
Answer: Children who have trouble understanding what others say (receptive language) or difficulty sharing their thoughts (expressive language) may have a language disorder. Specific language impairment (SLI) is a language disorder that delays the mastery of language skills. Some children with SLI may not begin to talk until their third or fourth year.
Children who have trouble producing speech sounds correctly or who hesitate or stutter when talking may have a speech disorder. Apraxia of speech is a speech disorder that makes it difficult to put sounds and syllables together in the correct order to form words.